- Ziggurat is back, and now it's even better! Use powerful weapons and spells to break through hordes of enemies and explore labyrinthine dungeons in this hectic roguelite FPS, while you improve your skills and discover new equipment.
- Ziggurat 2 focuses on fast paced combat and constant movement, in which mistakes are paid dearly. You'll need dexterity, reflexes and resource management skills to have a chance of survival against the dangers hiding in the shadows, and manage to come back safe and sound.
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Partially reconstructed facade and the access staircase of the ziggurat. The actual remains of the Neo-Babylonian structure can be seen at the top.
Shown within Iraq
|Alternative name||Great Ziggurat of Ur|
|Location||Tell el-Muqayyar, Dhi Qar Province, Iraq|
|Coordinates||30°57′46″N46°6′11″E / 30.96278°N 46.10306°ECoordinates: 30°57′46″N46°6′11″E / 30.96278°N 46.10306°E|
|Height||over 30 m|
|Material||mud brick with burnt brick facing|
|Founded||started in circa 2050–2030 BC, completed in circa 2030–1980 BC|
The Ziggurat (or Great Ziggurat) of Ur (Sumerian: 𒂍𒋼𒅎𒅍é-temen-ní-gùru 'Etemenniguru', meaning 'temple whose foundation creates aura') is a Neo-Sumerianziggurat in what was the city of Ur near Nasiriyah, in present-day Dhi Qar Province, Iraq. The structure was built during the Early Bronze Age (21st century BC) but had crumbled to ruins by the 6th century BC of the Neo-Babylonian period, when it was restored by King Nabonidus.
Ziggurat 8 in Episode I. Due to the Life Recycling Act and Jan being an organ donor, his remains were donated for body augmentation. Two years after Jan Sauer's suicide (in T.C. 4669), his body was fully resurrected and made into a battle cyborg by Ziggurat Industries. He was given the product name of 'Ziggurat 8', which denoted that he was the eighth (and final, as circumstances would have. Return 2 Ziggurat? Co-op would be great. I'd give gift copies if that's what it took. This game has held my attention longer than I could ever have predicted. Milkstone should approach id or Raven (whoever has the rights) and get them to collaborate on a new Hexen game.
Its remains were excavated in the 1920s and 1930s by Sir Leonard Woolley. Under Saddam Hussein in the 1980s, they were encased by a partial reconstruction of the façade and the monumental staircase. The Ziggurat of Ur is the best-preserved of those known from Iran and Iraq, besides the ziggurat of Dur Untash (Chogha Zanbil). It is one of three well-preserved structures of the Neo-Sumerian city of Ur, along with the Royal Mausolea and the Palace of Ur-Nammu (the E-hursag).
The ziggurat was built by King Ur-Nammu, who dedicated it in honour of Nanna/Sîn in approximately the 21st century BC (short chronology) during the Third Dynasty of Ur. The massive step pyramid measured 64 m (210 ft) in length, 45 m (148 ft) in width and over 30 m (98 ft) in height. The height is speculative, as only the foundations of the Sumerian ziggurat have survived.
The ziggurat was a piece in a temple complex that served as an administrative center for the city, and which was a shrine of the moon godNanna, the patron deity of Ur.
The construction of the ziggurat was finished in the 21st century BC by King Shulgi, who, in order to win the allegiance of cities, proclaimed himself a god. During his 48-year reign, the city of Ur grew to be the capital of a state controlling much of Mesopotamia. Many ziggurats were made by stacking mud-bricks up and using mud to seal them together.
King Nabonidus, the last king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire in the 6th century BC, after 'finding little left but the last stage and nothing to guide him as to the monument's original appearance', had it restored in seven stages rather than three.
Excavation and preservation
The remains of the ziggurat were rediscovered by William Loftus in 1850. The first excavations at the site were conducted by John George Taylor (mistakenly credited as 'J. E. Taylor') in the 1850s, leading to the identification of the site as Ur.After World War I, preliminary excavations were performed by Reginald Campbell Thompson and Henry Hall. The site was extensively excavated in the 1920s by Sir Leonard Woolley by appointment of the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania and the British Museum in the period of 1922 to 1934.
The remains of the ziggurat consist of a three-layered solid mass of mud brick faced with burnt bricks set in bitumen. The lowest layer corresponds to the original construction of Ur-Nammu, while the two upper layers are part of the Neo-Babylonian restorations. The façade of the lowest level and the monumental staircase were rebuilt under the orders of Saddam Hussein.
The ziggurat was damaged in the Gulf War in 1991 by small arms fire and the structure was shaken by explosions. Four bomb craters can be seen nearby and the walls of the ziggurat are marred by over 400 bullet holes.
As of 2008, the site is under the supervision of curatorDief Mohssein Naiif al-Gizzy.
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- ^Mattinson, Lindsay (2019). Understanding Architecture A Guide To Architectural Styles. Amber Books. p. 11. ISBN978-1-78274-748-2.
- ^ abcMattinson, Lindsay (2019). Understanding Architecture A Guide To Architectural Styles. Amber Books. p. 11. ISBN978-1-78274-748-2.
- ^Klein, Jacob (1981). Three Šulgi hymns: Sumerian royal hymns glorifying King Šulgi of Ur. Bar-Ilan University Press. p. 162. ISBN978-965-226-018-5.
- ^ ab'The Ziggurat of Ur'. British Museum. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- ^Heinrich, Ernst (1982). Die Tempel und Heiligtümer im Alten Mesopotamien. Typologie, Morphologie und Geschichte. 1. Berlin: de Gruyter. p. 341. ISBN9783110085310.
- ^Gardner, Helen; Kleiner, Fred S.; Mamiya, Christin J. (2005). Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Thomson Wadsworth. p. 1150. ISBN9780155050907.
- ^Ring, Trudy; Salkin, Rober M.; La Boda, Sharon (1994). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Middle East and Africa. 4. Taylor & Francis. p. 719. ISBN9781884964039.
- ^Boulger, George Simonds (1893). 'Loftus, William Kennett' . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 34. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 80–81.
- ^Sollberger, E. (1972). 'Mr. Taylor in Chaldaea'. Anatolian Studies. British Institute at Ankara. 22: 129–139. doi:10.2307/3642557. JSTOR3642557.
- ^Woolley, C. Leonard (1972) . The Ziggurat and its Surroundings. Ur Excavations. 5. Trustees of the Two Museums.
- ^Marozzi, Justin (8 August 2016). 'Lost cities #1: Babylon – how war almost erased 'mankind's greatest heritage site''. The Guardian. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- ^Handwerk, Brian (21 March 2013). 'Iraq War Threatens Ancient Treasures'. National Geographic News. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- ^Inati, Shams Constantine (2003). Iraq: Its History, People and Politics. New York: Humanity Books. p. 31. ISBN9781591020967.
- ^'Stock Photo - Mar 01, 2008 - Tallil, Iraq - Curator DIEF MOHSSEIN NAIIF AL-GIZZY shows one of the royal tombs at the Sumerian ruins next to the Ziggurat of Ur. Al-Gizzy is the third'. Alamy. ZUMA Press. 1 March 2008. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- Woolley, C. Leonard and Moorey, P. R. S., Ur of the Chaldees: Revised and Updated Edition of Sir Leonard Woolley's Excavations at Ur, Cornell University Press (1982).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Great Ziggurat of Ur.|
- Ziggurat of Ur, Smarthistory at Khan Academy
- Ur (modern name: Tell el-Muqayyar) at Open Context
For Ziggurat 2 players, this is a guide about characters & perks in game, all characters and perks are listed below, let’s check it out.
In the fine video game of Ziggurat 2, you will be playing a variety of characters. Each of them has a certain ups and downs, or neither. As it stands, you can pick between 3 fine fellows before you set off on your exciting escapades, so knowing is half the battle, ain’t it?
So far, all characters follow the following rules:
- They have a certain amount of base HP and Mana, which increases by 10% at certain steps and 20% at the final step.
- They have the following upgrade path: Health > Mana > Health > Passive > Mana > Health > Special > Mana > Health (double) > Mana (double)
- They have a Perk that they obtain at level start that often alters their stats.
- They have an Active Skill that can be used like an Amulet, but without charges.
- All Characters can Dash.
- All characters have unlockable Passive and Special effects.
Argo, Apprentice ACharacter Perk: Apprentice
No stat changes. None! Not a single one!Stat Curves
Wand Mana: 50/55/60/65/75
Alchemy: 100/110/120/130/150Skill: Syphon (Cooldown: 20s) – Sucks all nearby items within about 1 room radius towards you. Useful during Boss Fights when they enter Shield Mode and dispense many goodies in sometimes awkward places. Also useful in chaotic fights, in case you missed a valuable potion!
Passive Effect]:+20% XP from Knowledge Crystals
Just a nice, balanced spellcaster. Argo offers a huge QoL improvement by vacuuming up all nearby pickups, such as mana, potions, experience, and money.
His 20% XP boost is also very cute.
Carina, Apprentice 1Character Perk: Apprentice
No stat changes. None! Not a single one!Stat Curves
Wand Mana: 50/55/60/65/75
Alchemy: 100/110/120/130/150Skill: Shove (Cooldown: 20s) – Breaks nearby breakables, repels nearby foes, deals some damage.
Passive: -10% Mana Usage.
Just a nice, balanced spellcaster. If you prefer a Skill that offers gameplay benefits over Quality of Life, pick her over Argo. Her little mana efficiency boost makes her fun if you like using hungry weapons.
Glyndor, the BattlemageCharacter Perk: Rogue
+20% HP from Potions
-20% Mana from Crystals
-1 Mana per ~2 secondsStat Curves
Wand Mana: 50/55/60/65/75
Alchemy: 100/110/120/130/150Skill: Shell (Cooldown: 30s) – Become invulnerable to all damage for 5 seconds. However, any damage you WOULD have taken is dealt to your mana anyway.
Passive Effect: ???
Special Effect: ???
This man is thirsty. Thirsty for Mana. In fact, don’t bother. If you want a Wand build, this man will do you nice. If you want to use literally ANY mana based weapon, just cry yourself to sleep. The Specialist Perks concel out his constant drain.
The mana drain alone kills any draw he might have. +20% HP and a invulnerability is a WEIRD combo. So he’s tanky, and with his ability, he becomes tankier. He has poor Mana, he gets less mana, and he constantly drops it, AND his Active costs MORE MANA.
Oh, but it’s not just the drain. He gets more HP from potions. You know, the HP he won’t lose from being invulnerable about 1/6th of the time. Or more if you’re acute with using it. If you’re smart, you’ll notice that this 20% buff means that he gets relatively the same amount of HP from each potion as a 100 HP character would. Math!
What all this means if that Glyndor is constantly rushing to have mana for the next fight, while each fight takes forever. Jacob had a damage reduction, but Glyndor is the real glacial fighter. Hard to kill, but it’s just as hard for him to dish it out. Slow and steady costs you the mana you need to use your weapons.
Again, unless you want to go for a Wand-based build, or plan to go Wand-Only into a dungeon, he just has nothing. And since builds rely on mad Perk luck (if you have all perks, and you draw 2 per level up, your odds of getting a Wand perk or NOT getting a non-wand weapon perk are just abysmal)
Jacob, the CultistCharacter Perk: Cultist
+10% enemy drops
+20% Blessing ChancesStat Curves
Wand Mana: 40/44/48/52/60
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Alchemy: 80/88/96/104/120Skill: Sacrifice (Cooldown: 30s) – Spend 5% max Health to boost Damage and Fire Rate, and expend no mana for about 7~8 seconds.
Passive Effect: Recover 20% max mana of each type when suing Sacrifice
He’s an oof. Kinda. His damage reduction is a big deal. That said, 5% HP isn’t that much, especially not with a few perks to aid HP recovery (like Druid, Warcry or Bloodlust). Altars are worth more with a nice 20% buff. The fact he gets 20% less mana also sucks.
Don’t bother getting too many HP increases. They just increase your HP tax to not be a wimp and recovery is key. Additionally, don’t bother with too many Mana perks. Level him enough and you start getting Mana back whenever you use Sacrifice, on top of letting you fire for free for ~7 seconds!
Jacob might eye a weak character, but if you focus on his strengths and exploit his active skill to the fullest, you’ll find that he can manage just fine.
Kira, the RogueCharacter Perk: Rogue
+10% enemy dropsStat Curves
Ziggurat 2 ReviewWand Mana: 50/55/60/65/75
Ziggurat 2 ReviewSpell: 100/110/120/130/150
Alchemy: 100/110/120/130/150Skill: Shroud (Cooldown: 30s) – Become invisible for 5 seconds. Enemies stop targeting you, sort of. Bosses seem to be unaffected. Ouch.
Passive Effect: ???
Special Effect: ???
Kira is weird. 5% speed buff? Really? I mean she’s alright. Definitely want to focus on Shroud when the going gets tough, but her perk just feels flimsy for a 20% HP reduction. Just make it 10%, looks nicer, or add some jump height to throw people off.
Anyway, Kira wants HP and Mana Shield. She’s frail and her Active Skill is defensive and has low up-time. As a result, you’ll want to move fast and get strong or get defensive. It’s your call.
All Perks that bolster Mana, restore Mana, Mana shield, etc. What can your ammo do for you!
Alchemy Pouch / Spell Collector / Staff Hunter +20*PL A/B/S Mana
Not good? Like, maximums aren’t that hugely useful, and with Perk Boost already offering snippets, the true power of these Perks is limited. That said, if you have hungry weapons or prefer not to have to scavenge midfight, there are few other perks that can help.
Appraiser Gain Mana when picking up Coins
This is so weird. Coins are a rare drop and useful in their own way, so adding Mana Gain to it is a bit silly. Not a great perk.
Equalizer Gain +5% Mana from crystals; all crystal mana is split between all pools when picked up
This is good if you don’t have a certain weapon, or in general. It’s a 1/3 if a crystal is the color you want, and this alleviates that gamble.
Mana Steal Gain a little Mana when you pick up a Knowledge Gem
Fun fact, the Perks do not consistently call them Knowledge Gems (as they were in Ziggurat 1) and Experience Crystals. Anyway, this is very good, since Knowledge Gems are guaranteed drops in most fights.
Meditation All Mana pools become 10% larger
Good if you have a variety of weapons, otherwise a little much in the wrong places.
Overload Get 20% of a Mana Crystal’s Mana now, then 100% of it over the next 20 seconds
This is good if you’re near max and are about to splurge. It increases Mana gain by 20%, if you’re patient.
Sleight of Hand +20% faster weapon swapping; for 1 second after swapping the weapon consumes no mana
If you’re willing to be patient, this means effectively infinite mana. It does, however, add a lot of time to each fight as swapping isn’t instant.
Specialist A random Mana Pool is increased by 20% in size and becomes 10% more efficient
Unlike the random weaopn perks, this can affect a pool you don’t even have a weapon for. It’s really bad. Well, not bad. More… disappointing. A Gamble.
Talented Spellcaster/Staff Wielder/Alchemist – Recover PL*20 points of B/S/A Mana over 40 seconds after the beginning of combat.
Notes: Just a nice little ammo regen buff. Great for hungry weapons or if you’re playing Glyndor and need to offset his constant mana drain. One level cancels it out, the second will allow you to overcome his drain. Other characters really shouldn’t have to bother; you’ll get plenty of crystals.
Tranquility +20% Mana efficiency when at max HP
Gels weirdly with Conduit, even strangers with Shield builds. This perk is fine, but I don’t see the point. People with Low HP are the ones desperate for mana, not the Full HP kings and queens of Ziggurat 2.
Vigilant Gain 5%*PL Mana at the start of combat
Perfect for Glyndor or people with Mana issues. Always nice to have a little bit. With a few levels, you’ll get fat stacks and start every fight strong.
Better, faster, Stronger.
Haste – +5%*PL Movement
Very weak. Honestly, I can’t see the reason to take this unless you’re going for a long haul. I mean, Lightweight is 4x as effective and only costs a sliver of max HP.
Lightweight – Movement +20%, Max HP -5%
Go faster, lose a sliver of health. This is probably a good deal, if you prefer mobility or need to offset some pre-existing problems.
Sprinter – +10% Movement, can move when Frozen
Pretty nice. Like, again, why get Haste when this BETTER PERK offers double the bonus AND a perk? A perk having levels doesn’t make it better, does it?
Damage and Defense, they’re all here.
These Perks have a payoff that is obscured by the Fates and the will of the gods.
Amnesia -10% Max All Mana, +2 Perk draws
It’s good. Too good. S-Rank. -10% Max Mana to all pools is a drop in the water compared to getting 2 extra perks and 3 boosts. You can get 60 Barrier, or even offset that mana drop with the Perk Boosts. Serious sam 3: jewel of the nile river valley.
Arcane Summoning – Gain a random amulet
Unless you took an Amulet with you, the odds of you having found one in the dungeon is between 0 and 1%. If you like Amulets, go nuts. If not, you use them so little you’re never reliant on them, or you use them so much you never leave home without this.
On paper, a good perk. In practice, it’s low tier. Not trash, but too random and not immediate.
Black Market Lose a random weapon, gain 8 Shield
It will not destroy Wands, so if you only have a Wand, it’s raw profit. If you need the extra defense, it might be worth the gamble. Shield regenerates every fight, after all.
Black Orb Lose 50% current HP, gain +10% Damage and Fire Rate
Trade half HP for +21% DPS? If you can heal, or only lose a little, or are good at the game, this is pretty much a done deal. Beware, half your HP is a steep price, unless you have Shield and Barrier to soak the next few fights.
Bookworm +5% XP gain, +1 Perk Selection on level up
This increases your Perk selection from 2 to 3. This perk is extremely useful. The game has 93 Perks, some of which are levelled, so I honestly feel this should just be a default. 2 Perks has too much chance of drawing two big stinkers. Yuck!
Brute +12% Drop Rate, -10% XP
Do you have Scholar? Go nuts. If not, this is mostly useful if you want Coins, Mana or Potions. 12% is nothing to sneeze at, and what is 10% XP realllly? What is level 18 to level 20, REAAAALLY?
Cleansing Upon gaining enough XP to level up, all present enemies are Cursed; you gain 2 Barrier for each enemy affected
Enemies resistant to Curse do not become Cursed nad therefor a room of Curse Resistance enemies awards NOTHING. That aside, it’s not bad, especially if you don’t mind hording a few hundred weenies to get a big pay out.
Dark Forge Gain a weapon; all weapons of that type do +20% damage, all other weapons do -10% damage
A dark bargain indeed. If you get lucky, you’ll get a real killer. This will never give you a Wand, so if you have no weapons it’s a great way to get an early start.
Energized -20% Max HP, +35% of lost Max as Shields
So if you have 100, you lose 20 Max and gain about 7 Shield. I honestly have no idea how good this is.
Golden Weapon One weapon gains +10% Fire Rate and Damage
You immediately Swap to the effected weapon, so you know which it is. This is great. I should point out these two 10% boosts multiple together, increasing the weapon’s DPS by 21%. A good pick, but kinda stinks if it lands on your Wand.
Good Omens Regain 50% Max HP and 100% missing Mana when you pick up the Guardian Seal Boss Key
This sounds great, but unless you keep taking hit after hit, use too much mana, are playing Glyndor or just want insurance… eh. A reliable +50% HP and +100% mana is nice…
Heretic / Inner Wisdom / Transmutation Gain a new Staff / Spell / Alchemy weapon. If you already had one, the new weapon has +10% damage
This is great if you don’t have a weapon yet, and even better if your current weapon STINKS!
Oracle Gain a Shrine Blessing
I mean, they’re not bad, but I think some of them are crappy like “your wand is good for 1 fight” soooo. Ye. I mean, it can’t HURT you, like some Perks.
Scholar Gain +25%*PL Experience from Knowledge Gems
Got levels to go? Must pick. Getting an extra level every 4 or so levels is never bad. Extra healing, extra mana, extra perks, extra Perk Boosts! All yummy. If you can get more, it ramps up nicely.
Solstice10% Enemies, +20% Blessing Luck
Nice if you like Shrines and hate fighting too much. I don’t know if it reduces XP payout or if the remaining enemies give more XP to compensate, so it’s your call how useful this really is.
Surprise! Immediately gain another Perk.
Why is this a Perk at all? I don’t know. I don’t think you get the Perk Boost for the second perk either, so it’s really just “Pick a perk you don’t know what it is”. Wow. Terrible!
White Orb – Lose all mana. Gain Max HP equal to 10% mana lost.
If you have 100 mana in each block for a total of 300, this is about 30 HP. If you just finished a fight with crystals abound, it might be worth it, but if you’re reliant on that mana, think twice.
A bunch of perks alter what item pickups do. So there.
Yea, it’s not a %, which makes it extra powerful for weaker characters. Not a bad perk.Stoneskin – +5% Damage Resistance
The real power of Stoneskin is to make Shield and Barriers last longer, especially if you have Perks that benefit from having full HP!Warcry – Recover 5%*PL max HP at the start of battle
Starting a fight with more, if not Max HP if a really strong benefit. Considering how many fights you get into, this can easily rack up a lot of extra HP and perk uptime.
That’s all we are sharing today in Ziggurat 2 Character & Perk Guide, if there are anything you want to add please feel free to leave a comment below and we’ll see you soon.
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