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  3. Hades And Persephone

Available now $24.99 Buy download. Eligible for up to points 2020 Nominee – Game of the Year. Recognizing a game that delivers the absolute best experience across all creative. The team at Supergiant were kind enough to send in a ton of pieces from the development of the game, from early sketches through to the character portraits that make up Hades’ dialogue sequences. Hades is the god of the Underworld and of the mineral riches of the earth, the lord and master of the House of Hades, and the father of Zagreus.He is in charge of maintaining order within the Underworld, determining the placements and punishments of the dead, and hearing the petitions of shades that come before him.

Hades Takes a Wife: Persephone

But Hades had other plans for Persephone: He would steal her innocence and virginity and turn her into the dreaded goddess of the Underworld.

Hades, god of the Underworld, fell in love with Persephone and wanted her as his bride. His brother Zeus consented to the marriage—or at least refused to oppose it. Yet he warned Hades that Demeter would never approve this coupling, for she would not want her daughter spirited off to a sunless world. At Zeus's suggestion—or with his tacit understanding—Hades resolved to abduct the maiden.

The appearance, abduction, and disappearance happened so swiftly that none of Persephone's companions witnessed the kidnapping. And though she called out to them—and plaintively called for her mother—no one heard her pleas. The earth opened up before Hades' chariot and the god drove the jet-black horses down into the chasm. As Hades and Persephone disappeared into the depths, the hole closed up behind them.

Demeter soon came to collect her daughter, but could not find a trace of Persephone. Distraught and desperate, Demeter searched high and low for her daughter. She traveled to the farthest corners of the earth, searching for nine full days and nights without ever stopping to eat, drink, bathe, or rest. Demeter was in a fury. She destroyed lands, crops, and livestock as she bewailed the loss of her daughter.

The More Things Change ..

The painful separation of mother and daughter has been a common theme in mythology from Greece to Indonesia. Carl Jung, the pioneering psychologist and scholar of mythology, saw in such tales the universal pain of this ordeal—for example, when a daughter marries. Recognizing this universality gave rise to Jung's notion of “archetypes.”

Hades And Persephone Children

But Demeter refused to budge until her daughter stood by her side. Zeus had no choice: He relented, promising to bring Persephone back to her mother.

Hermes, summoned by Zeus, raced down to Hades to fetch Persephone. Hades shrugged compliantly and agreed to let her go. Persephone had not eaten a single thing—whether from sorrow, loss of appetite, or stubbornness—since her arrival in the Underworld. But before she left, Hades urged Persephone to appease her terrible hunger by eating a single pomegranate seed. Sadly, this apparent act of kindness was a trick: Anyone who tastes the food of Hades must remain in the Underworld.

Mythed by a Mile

In another version of this story, Persephone innocently plucked some fruit from the trees in the gardens of Hades herself. To fight off her terrible hunger, she secretly ate seven pomegranate seeds. But a gardener of Hades had seen her and ratted her out to Hades. Persephone punished him for his indiscretion by turning him into a screech owl or Demeter punished him by burying him under an enormous rock.

After agreeing to the deal, Demeter restored Earth's fertility and returned to Olympus with Persephone. But when the time came for Persephone to return to the Underworld, the earth became colder and less fertile until her reemergence months later.


Although she spent only half of her life in the Underworld, little is known of Persephone's life above ground after her abduction. Below ground, however, she was dreaded forever afterward as the goddess of the Underworld. So feared was she that mortals often invoked her name in curses.

Read All About It

An alternative version of the story of Alcestis and her husband Admetus can be found in Alcestis by Euripides. In this drama, Heracles restores Alcestis to life by wrestling with Thanatos (Death).

Hades hercules

Hades supergiant

© 2004 by Kevin Osborn and Dana L. Burgess, Ph.D. All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. Used by arrangement with Alpha Books, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc.

To order this book direct from the publisher, visit the Penguin USA website or call 1-800-253-6476. You can also purchase this book at Amazon.com and Barnes & Noble.

Greek: ᾍδης —transliteration: hadés —meaning: the abode of departed souls

This Greek word is equivalent to the Hebrew sheol.

In Old Testament times (before Christ’s atonement for sin and resurrection from death), all the dead went into Hades (sheol).

Henry M. Morris explains,

“This is not the ultimate hell (Greek: gehenna) referred to in Matthew 10:28, the same as the “lake of fire” (Revelation 20:15). Hades is another compartment in the pit… where the spirits of the unsaved dead are confined until the day of judgment. They were not set free when Christ freed the spirits of the faithful, but are still there.” —Dr. Henry M. Morris, The Defenders Study Bible

Hades entryway

Hades is mentioned in these verses…

  • Matt. 16:18 NKJV— “the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.”
  • Luke 10:15 NKJV and Matt. 11:23 NKJV— “…Capernaum…will be brought down to Hades…”
  • Luke 16:23 NKJV— “…torments in Hades…”

    In Christ’sparable (not a literal event) in Luke 16, He said, Cats original soundtrack.

    “And being in torments in Hades, he [the rich man] lifted up his eyes and saw Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom” —NKJV

    Henry Morris explains,

    “Although the two compartments [of Hades] were impassable and separate from each other, they were within the range of mutual sight and sound. This also reveals that disembodied spirits are somehow still recognizable and capable of inter-communication, even though such phenomena are presently beyond our limited understanding.” —Dr. Henry M. Morris, The Defenders Study Bible

  • Acts 2:27 NKJV, speaking of Christ— “…You will not leave my soul in Hades…”

    “In Acts 2:27-31Peter quotes the Septuagint version of Psalm 16:8-11, plainly for the purpose of proving our Lord’s resurrection from the dead. David was left in the place of the dead, and his body saw corruption. Not so with Christ. According to ancient prophecy (Psalm 30:3) he was recalled to life.” —Matthew G. Easton

  • Acts 2:31 NKJV, speaking of Christ— “…His soul was not left in Hades…”
  • 1 Cor. 15:55 NKJV— “…O Hades, where is your victory?”
  • Rev. 1:18 NKJV— keys of Hades
  • Rev. 6:8 NKJV— “…behold, a pale horse. And the name of him who sat on it was Death, and Hades followed with him. And power was given to them over a fourth of the earth”…
  • Rev. 20:13 NKJV— “…Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them…”
  • Rev. 20:14 NKJV— “Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.”

“The keys of Hades”

…“Do not be afraid; I amthe first and the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.” —Revelation 1:17-18 NASB excerpt

Henry M. Morris writes,

“Philosophers and occult religionists are always searching for the keys to life and death, but only Christ has them. ‘Hell’ [in the King James Version of Rev. 1:18] is actually ‘Hades,’ the abode of departed souls… . When Christ died, His spirit descended into Hades, proclaiming victory to the evil spirits incarcerated there, then returned with the souls of those who had died in faith… The unsaved dead will be delivered up from Hades for judgment at the great white throne (Revelation 20:13).” —Dr. Henry M. Morris, The Defenders Study Bible

Hades Wiki


Hades And Persephone